Basic Course - Ingls

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Curso Básico de Ingles

Text of Basic Course - Ingls

Basic Course (Curso Bsico) Instructions: The dialogues should be orally in class until mastered by the students. (Os dilogos devem ser orais em classe at o domnio pelos estudantes). Oral drills are presented in conversation form. They serve to illustrate the grammar parts that follow. (So apresentadas brocas orais em forma de conversao. Eles servem para ilustrar as partes de gramtica que seguem). The grammar parts may be explained by the teacher in Portuguese. However, they should be illustrated with examples. (As partes de gramtica podem ser explicadas pela professora em portugus. Porm, eles deveriam ser ilustrados com exemplos). The exercises that follow the grammar parts pertain to previously given explanations. (Os exerccios que seguem as partes de gramtica pertencem previamente a determinadas explicaes). The readings should be read aloud in class with the students repetition. The teacher may aid the students with the translation if necessary. (As leituras devem ser lidas em voz alta em classe com a repetio do estudante. O professor pode ajudar os estudantes com a traduo se necessrio). For beginners, the teacher may use the reading parts to motivate them. It will help to stimulate their interest in the subject. (Para novatos, o professor poder usar a leitura separada para os motivar. Ajudar estimular o interesse deles no assunto). The reading parts may also be used for dictations. The teacher should practice them several times before giving them to the class. (As partes de leitura tambm podem ser usadas para ditados. O professor deveria os praticar vrias vezes antes de dar classe). The teacher may also use the readings for special home works, thus, motivating the student. (O professor tambm pode usar as leituras para trabalhos de casa especiais, assim, motivando o estudante). First Part. Unit 1: Demonstratives singular This is a rocket. (Este um foguete.) - What is this? (O que isto?) - It is a rocket. ( um foguete). That is a ship. (Isso um navio.) - What is that? (O que isso?) - It is a ship. This is a spaceship. (Esta uma astronave.) - What is this? - It is a spaceship.

This is a helicopter. (Este um helicptero.) - What is this? - It is a helicopter. That is a truck. (Isso um caminho.) - What is that? - It is a truck This is a radar station. (Esta uma estao de radar). - What is this? - It is a radar station. That is a bus. (Isso um nibus). - What is that? - It is a bus. That is a train. (Isso um trem) - What is that? - It is a train. That is a jet airplane. (Isso um avio de jato). - What is that? - It is a jet airplane. That is a flying saucer. (Isso um pires voador). - What is that? - It is a flying saucer. Unit 2: Demonstratives plural These are rockets. (Estes so foguetes). - What are these? (O que so estes?) - They are rockets. (Eles so foguetes). These are spaceships. - What are these? - They are spaceship. Those are ships. (Esses so navios). - What are those? (O que esses?). - They are ships. These are helicopters. - What are these? - They are helicopters.

Those are buses. - What are those? - They are buses. Those are trucks. - What are those? - They are trucks. These are radar stations. - What are these? - They are radar stations. Those are trains. - What are those? - They are trains. Those are jet airplanes. - What are those? - They are jet airplanes. Those are flying saucers. - What are those? - They are flying saucers. Unit 3: Personal pronouns What is she? (quem ela?) She is an actress. (ela uma atriz). What are you? (quem voc?) I am a student. (eu sou um estudante). What am I? (quem sou eu?) You are a boxer. (voc um boxeador) What is he? (quem ele?) He is a preacher. (ele um orador). What are you? (quem voc?) We are scientists. (Ns somos cientistas). What are they? (quem so eles?) They are painters. (eles so pintores). What are they? (quem so eles?) They are racing cars. (eles so corredores de carro).

Unit 4: ROBERT: hello, Susan. How are you? (Ol, Susan. Como est voc?) SUSAN: I am fine. How are you? (eu estou bem. Como est voc?) ROBERT: fine, thanks. (Bem, obrigada). SUSAN: well, Robert. Im going now. So long. (Bom, Robert. Eu vou agora. (At logo). ROBERT: so long, Susan. Good bye. (At logo, Susan. Bom Adeus). What is this? (o que isto?) This is a pencil. (isto um lpis) What are these? (o que so estes?) These are pencils (estes so lpis). What is this? (o que isto?) This is a pen. (isto uma caneta). What are these? (o que so estas?) These are pens. (estas so canetas). What is this? This is a rouler. (esta uma rgua). What are these? These are rulers. What is that? (o que aquilo?) That is a chair. (aquilo uma cadeira). What are those? (o que so aquelas?) Those are chairs. (aquelas so cadeiras.) What is that? (o que isso?) That is a book. (isso um livro.) What are those? (o que so aqueles?) Those are books. (aqueles so livros) What is that? (o que aquilo?) That is a desk. (Isso uma escrivaninha). What are those? (o que so aquelas?) Those are desks. (aquelas so escrivaninhas).

Grammar: Demonstratives Singular: THIS (near = prximo ou perto): este, esta ou isto.

THAT (distance = distante): aquele, aquela, aquilo; esse, essa, isso. Plural: THESE: estes, estas. THOSE: aqueles, aquelas. Note: 1) The demonstratives THIS and THESE are used to indicate nearness of persons, animals or things: This pen is here. These pens are here. (os demonstrativos ISTO e ESTES so usados para indicar proximidade de pessoas, animais ou coisas: Esta caneta est aqui. Estas canetas esto aqui). 2) The demonstratives THAT and THOSE are used to indicate persons, animals or things at a distance: That car is there. Those cars are there. (os demonstrativos QUE e ESSES so usados para indicar as pessoas, animais ou coisas a uma distncia: Aquele carro est l. Esses carros esto l). Exercise: Fill in the blanks with THIS or THESE and THAT or THOSE: (Preencha os espaos em branco com ISTO ou ESTES e QUE- aquele-aquilo ou ESSES): 1. This is a racing car. (Este um carro de corrida). 2. This girl is a student. (Esta menina uma estudante). 3. These books are here. (Estes livros esto aqui). 4. These trucks are modern. (Estes caminhes so modernos). 5. These boys are students. (Estes rapazes so estudantes) 6. This train is old. (Este trem velho). 7. These scientists are friends. (Estes cientistas so amigos). 8. This is a house. (Esta uma casa). 9. This is a new flag. (Esta uma bandeira nova). 10. These are buses. (Estes so nibus). 11. That is a rocket. (Isso um foguete) 12. That pen is very old. (Essa caneta muito velha). 13. Those boys are students. (Esses rapazes so estudantes). 14. Those helicopters are new. (Esses helicpteros so novos). 15. That is a good chair. (Essa uma boa cadeira). 16. Those jets are very beautiful. (Esses jatos esto muito bonitos). 17. Those cars are new. (Esses carros so novos). 18. Those are trains. (Aqueles so trens). 19. That is a ship. (Aquilo um navio). 20. That is a ruler. (Isso uma rgua). William Penn Pensylvania is a state of the *USA. The capital of Pensylvania is Harrisburg. Philadelphia is an important city of Pensylvania. The name of the founder of Pensylvania is William Penn. The Liberty Bell is in Philadelphia. It is a symbol of liberty. It is a monument that many Americans visit during the year.

*USA = United States of America. Pensilvnia um estado dos *EUA. A capital da Pensilvnia Harrisburgo. Filadlfia uma importante cidade da Pensilvnia. O nome do fundador da Pensilvnia Willian Penn. O Sino da Liberdade est na Filadlfia. Ele um smbolo da liberdade. Ele um monumento que muitos americanos visitam durante o ano. *EUA = Estados Unidos da Amrica. Questions: 1. Is Pennsylvania a state? R: yes, it is a state. 2. Is the capital of Pennsylvania Harrisburg? R: yes, Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania. 3. Is Philadelphia an important city? R: yes, it is an important city. 4. What is the name of the founder of Pennsylvania? R: the name of founder is William Penn. 5. Is the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia? R: Yes, it is in Philadelphia. 6. What is the Liberty Bell? R: it is a monument that is symbol of liberty. 7. Is the Liberty Bell a symbol? R: yes, it is symbol of liberty. Vocabulary: About: a respeito de; a cerca de; sobre. Beautiful: bonito; belo. Bell: Sino. During: Durante. Founder: fundador Here: aqui. How: Como. Many: muitos Near: prximo, perto. Of: de Old: velho Place: lugar, localidade Symbol: smbolo There: l Well: bem What: que, o qual Where: onde Who: quem Year: ano. What are the days of the week? The day of de week are: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. Unit 5:

MR LEE: Good morning, Miss Brown. (Bom dia, Senhorita Brown) MISS BROWN: Good morning, Mr. Lee. How are you? (Bom dia, Sr. Lee. Como est voc?) MR LEE: Im fine, thanks. And you? (Eu estou bem, obrigado. E voc?) MISS BROWN: Fine, thanks. (Bem, obrigada). MR LEE: Where are you going this morning? (Onde voc vai esta manh?) MISS BROWN: Im going to the market. See you later, Mr. Lee. (Eu vou para o mercado. At logo mais, Sr. Lee). MR LEE: All right, Miss Brown. See you later. (Certo, Senhorita Brown. At logo mais). This is a pen. (Esta uma caneta). - What is this? - It is a pen. That is an orange. (Isso uma laranja). - What is that? - It is an orange. That is an egg. (Isso um ovo). - Is this an orange too? - No, this is not an orange. It is an egg. - Is that an egg too? - No, that is not an egg. It is a pencil. (No, isso no um ovo. um lpis). This is an apple. (Esta uma ma). - What is this? - It is an apple. This is a tree. (Esta uma rvore). - What is this? - It is a tree. - Is this a tree too? - No, this is not a tree. It is a car. - Is that a car too? - No, that is not a car. It is an airplane. This is a house. (Esta uma casa). - What is this? - It is a house. - It is a house too? - No, this is not a house. It is a horse. (No, esta no uma casa. um cavalo). This is an hour hand. (Este um