USDA Produção Agrícola Publicação de 2016

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    Grain:

    World Markets and Trade

     Approved by the Wor ld Agricultural Outl ook Board - USDA 

    United States

    Department of

     Agr icul ture 

    Foreign

     Agricultural

    Service

    February 2016

    South American Competition Limits U.S. Corn Exports

    For email subscription, click here to register: https://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDAFAS/subscriber/new 

    Combined corn exports for Brazil and Argentina are forecast at a record in 2015/16. In

    addition to large supplies, both countries have depreciating currencies, making their exports

    more competitive relative to other suppliers. Brazil’s exports are forecast at a record based

    on the robust pace of shipments as well as the expectation of another large crop.

    Argentina’s exports are forecast to be the second-highest on record as sales and shipments

    have accelerated following the removal of export taxes and quotas. Exports are expected to

    remain strong, fueled by larger projected supplies this month. The bulk of Argentina’s

    2015/16 exports are likely to ship during the latter half of the 2015/16 trade year (Oct-Sep).

    Brazil’s exports have grown more than any other country in 2015/16, capturing a larger

    share of record global trade. To do so, Brazil has expanded its second crop, which is

    exported from July through December, a period which includes the U.S. harvest. This

    intensified competition presents a challenge for U.S. exports, as evidenced by the current

    slow pace of sales and shipments. Even though U.S. supplies are near record levels, export

     bids have remained above those for South American competitors. 

    MMT Exports

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    Brazil Argentina United States

    http://www.fas.usda.gov/data/grain-world-markets-and-tradehttps://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDAFAS/subscriber/newhttp://www.fas.usda.gov/data/grain-world-markets-and-tradehttps://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDAFAS/subscriber/newhttps://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDAFAS/subscriber/newhttp://www.fas.usda.gov/data/grain-world-markets-and-trade

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS 

    World Markets and Trade: Commentary and Current Data Wheat ................................................................................................................. 4

    Rice .................................................................................................................. 10Coarse Grains ................................................................................................... 16

    Historical Data Series for Selected Regions and Countries ............................ 36

    Endnotes to Grain: World Markets and Trade ............................................... 55

    The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) updates its production, supply and distribution (PSD)database for cotton, oilseeds, and grains at 12:00 p.m. on the day the World Agricultural Supply

    and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report is released. This circular is released by 12:15 p.m.

    To download the tables in the publication, go to Production, Supply and Distribution Database

    (PSD Online): (http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspx), scroll down to Reports, and

    Click the plus sign [+] next to Grains.

    FAS Reports and Databases:

    Current World Markets and Trade and  World Agricultural Production Reports: 

    http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdDataPublications.aspx Archives World Markets and Trade and  World Agricultural Production Reports: 

    http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewTaxonomy.do?taxonomyID=7 

    Production, Supply and Distribution Database (PSD Online):http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspx 

    Global Agricultural Trade System (U.S. Exports and Imports):

    http://apps.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspx Export Sales Report:

    http://apps.fas.usda.gov/esrquery/ Global Agricultural Information Network (Agricultural Attaché Reports):

    http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspx 

    Other USDA Reports:

    World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE):http://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/wasde/ 

    Economic Research Service:

    http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/crops 

     National Agricultural Statistics Service:http://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/ 

    2 eign Agricultural Service/USDA Februafice of Global Analysis

    http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdDataPublications.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdDataPublications.aspxhttp://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewTaxonomy.do?taxonomyID=7http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewTaxonomy.do?taxonomyID=7http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/esrquery/http://apps.fas.usda.gov/esrquery/http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspxhttp://gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspxhttp://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/wasde/http://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/wasde/http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/cropshttp://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/cropshttp://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/http://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/http://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/cropshttp://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/wasde/http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/esrquery/http://apps.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspxhttp://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewTaxonomy.do?taxonomyID=7http://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdDataPublications.aspxhttp://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspx

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    All Grain Summary Comparison

    Million Metric Tons

    Marketing Year

    Wheat Rice, Milled Corn

    2015/2014/152013/142015/162014/152013/142015/162014/152013/14

    Production

      United States (Jun-May) 58.1 55.1 55.8 6.1 7.1 6.1 351.3 361.1 3

      Other 657.3 670.8 680.0 472.3 471.0 463.4 640.1 647.9 6

      World Total 715.4 725.9 735.8 478.4 478.1 469.5 991.4 1,009.0 9

    Domestic Consumption

      United States (Jun-May) 34.3 31.6 32.2 4.0 4.2 3.9 293.0 301.9 3

      Other 656.5 668.2 677.3 474.2 474.7 477.8 649.2 659.2 6

      World Total 690.8 699.8 709.5 478.2 478.9 481.7 942.2 961.1 9

    Ending Stocks

      United States (Jun-May) 16.1 20.5 26.3 1.0 1.6 1.3 31.3 44.0

      Other 177.9 194.0 212.6 106.4 101.9 88.0 143.5 162.2 1

      World Total 194.0 214.5 238.9 107.4 103.5 89.3 174.8 206.2 2

    TY Imports

      United States (Jun-May) 4.8 4.0 3.2 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

      Other 155.4 154.3 157.6 40.2 38.1 38.8 124.4 121.3 1

      World Total 160.2 158.3 160.8 41.0 38.9 39.6 125.1 122.1 1

    TY Exports

      United States (Jun-May) 31.5 22.8 21.5 3.0 3.5 3.3 50.7 46.8

      Other 130.9 138.6 141.6 40.4 39.0 38.3 79.5 81.0

      World Total 162.4 161.4 163.1 43.4 42.5 41.6 130.2 127.8 1

    Note: Consumption in this table has not been adjusted for differences in marketing year imports and

    exports and therefore differs from global totals shown elsewhere.Marketing years for U.S. grains are:

    Wheat (Jun-May), Rice (Aug-Jul), Corn (Sep-Aug).'Marketing Year' column is germane for U.S. wheat

    only.

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    WHEAT: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE

    OVERVIEW

    Global production in 2015/16 is up slightly to a new record. The biggest change is a larger

     projected crop in Argentina. Global trade is up inappreciably. Canada’s and Turkey’s exportsare raised and the United States is lowered. The season-average farm price is unchanged thismonth.

    Canadian Wheat Exports Projected To Surpass U.S. Again

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    Canadian Dollars per U.S. Dollar(Source: U.S. Treasury)

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    US Canada

    For the second year in a row,Canada is expected to surpass theUnited States in wheat exports.This trend is underpinned byfavorable exchange rates forCanadian exports. A strong U.S.dollar is hampering the UnitedStates’ ability to compete intraditional markets, much less ina global market awash in lower- priced wheat. The U.S. dollarhas appreciated 32 percentagainst the Canadian dollar sincethe start of the 2013/14 tradeyear. As Canadian wheat exportsmaintain their competitiveadvantage against U.S. wheat, itsending stocks are projected at an8-year low. U.S. stocks, on theother hand, are expected to rise toa burdensome 6-year high.

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    U.S. PRICES:

    Domestic: Prices for U.S. wheat classes were nearly unchanged in January. Hard Red Winter(HRW) edged up $1 to $213/ton, Hard Red Spring (HRS) rose $3 to $230/ton, and Soft RedWinter (SRW) notched a $4 gain to $202/ton. Soft White Wheat (SWW) slid $2 to $206/ton.U.S. wheat continues to be uncompetitive in most global markets.

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    HRS HRW SRW SWW

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    TRADE CHANGES IN 2015/16

    Selected Exporters

      Canada is boosted 1.0 million tons to 22.0 million on the strong shipment pace to date.

      Turkey is raised 500,000 tons to 4.5 million as flour and pasta product exports expandinto new markets in sub-Saharan Africa.

      United States is cut 500,000 tons to 21.5 million on sluggish sales and shipments to date.

    Selected Importers

      China is up 300,000 tons to 2.3 million due to a stronger-than-expected pace.

      Ethiopia is raised another 500,000 tons this month to 2.4 million as lower-priced wheat is

    substituting for other coarse grains in food consumption.

      Iran is down 500,000 tons to 4.0 million as the government attempts to lower excesssupplies by prohibiting government wheat imports after March 20, 2016.

      South Korea is boosted 300,000 tons to 4.5 million based on a recent uptick in feed-quality wheat purchases.

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    World Wheat, Flour, and Products Trade

    July/June Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    6,56,5004,2001,6757,45011,951  Argentina

    17,517,50016,57518,33921,26923,031  Australia

    1,31,3001,688811,7531,860  Brazil

    22,021,00024,83222,15718,58417,603  Canada32,532,50035,41832,03222,78616,728  European Union

    6,56,5005,5078,0006,80111,069  Kazakhstan

    1,11,1001,1041,322729790  Mexico

    23,523,50022,80018,56811,28921,627  Russia

    4,54,0004,1364,2933,5833,678  Turkey

    15,515,50011,2699,7557,1905,436  Ukraine

    10,610,94211,08114,64218,04011,850  Others

    141,5140,342138,610130,864119,474125,623  Subtotal

    21,522,00022,75231,51827,73428,142  United States

    163,0162,342161,362162,382147,208153,765  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    2,22,2002,0002,0501,6002,200  Afghanistan

    7,77,7007,2577,4846,4846,500  Algeria

    3,63,6003,8033,3542,7252,039  Bangladesh

    6,36,3005,8697,0617,5477,053  Brazil

    2,32,0001,9266,7732,9602,933  China

    11,511,50011,06310,1708,30011,650  Egypt

    2,41,9001,1006701,3441,550  Ethiopia

    6,06,0005,9753,9765,2767,362  European Union

    8,18,1007,4787,3927,1466,457  Indonesia

    4,04,5005,0066,6005,6002,400  Iran

    3,23,2002,2533,2463,9483,784  Iraq

    5,75,8005,8786,1236,5986,354  Japan

    4,54,2003,9424,2885,4395,188  Korea, South

    4,44,4004,4464,6363,8235,020  Mexico

    3,02,8004,0733,8923,8253,671  Morocco

    4,44,4004,2444,5804,1383,903  Nigeria

    4,84,8005,0993,4823,6454,075  Philippines

    3,83,8003,4873,4291,9212,904  Saudi Arabia

    2,01,8001,9001,8001,5581,542  South Africa

    2,82,8002,6322,6641,7932,360  Sudan

    3,53,5003,4891,6931,8452,646  Thailand

    3,83,8005,9604,1543,3124,413  Turkey

    2,42,4002,2302,2241,8632,698  Uzbekistan

    2,62,6002,2962,1581,6712,711  Vietnam

    3,33,3003,2453,4253,1492,685  Yemen

    49,249,26147,69448,10343,77344,773  Others

    157,5156,661154,345155,427141,283148,871  Subtotal

    2,32,4813,0302,1702,4491,857  Unaccounted

    3,23,2003,9874,7853,4763,037  United States

    163,0162,342161,362162,382147,208153,765  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Wheat Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    11,010,50012,50010,5009,30015,500  Argentina

    26,026,00023,66625,30322,85629,905  Australia

    27,627,60029,42037,53027,20525,288  Canada

    130,1130,190126,208121,930121,023117,400  China8,18,1008,3008,2508,5008,400  Egypt

    157,9157,977156,525144,583133,949138,182  European Union

    88,988,94095,85093,50694,88286,874  India

    14,014,00013,00014,50013,80012,400  Iran

    13,714,00012,99613,9419,84122,732  Kazakhstan

    8,08,0005,1007,0003,8705,800  Morocco

    25,425,47825,97924,21123,47325,214  Pakistan

    61,061,00059,08052,09137,72056,240  Russia

    19,519,50015,25018,75016,00018,800  Turkey

    27,227,00024,75022,27815,76122,324  Ukraine

    7,27,2007,1506,8006,7006,300  Uzbekistan

    53,954,06354,99056,07652,10451,033  Others

    679,9679,548670,764657,249596,984642,392  Subtotal

    55,855,84055,14758,10561,29854,244  United States

    735,7735,388725,911715,354658,282696,636  World Total

    no

    Total Consumption

    10,210,25010,0509,8509,4508,950  Algeria

    10,610,40010,70011,40010,90011,200  Brazil

    8,89,0009,1159,4079,5309,852  Canada

    114,0118,000116,500116,500125,000122,500  China

    19,619,60019,10018,50018,70018,600  Egypt

    125,7125,750123,500117,300119,250127,234  European Union

    91,093,94093,13093,84883,82481,408  India

    7,97,9507,3657,1656,9506,250  Indonesia

    18,018,00017,50017,00016,00015,200  Iran

    9,89,8009,0009,0008,3008,800  Morocco

    24,624,60024,50024,10023,90023,100  Pakistan

    37,037,00035,50034,10033,55038,000  Russia

    18,018,00017,50017,75017,65018,100  Turkey

    12,512,50012,00011,50011,40014,950  Ukraine

    9,39,3008,9008,4008,0007,800  Uzbekistan

    160,1157,955153,890150,705146,806145,433  Others

    679,2683,942673,876664,071641,267665,550  Subtotal

    32,132,19731,55434,28737,76831,962  United States

    711,4716,139705,430698,358679,035697,512  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    4,94,9984,2734,5574,6637,051  Australia

    93,587,29576,10565,27453,96055,946  China

    19,219,25913,5209,93810,71113,522  European Union

    14,811,90017,20017,83024,20019,950  India

    7,37,3217,8217,2215,086825  Iran

    5,04,8704,1204,1852,4723,305  Morocco

    7,27,1326,2825,1754,95210,899  Russia

    60,263,64864,71563,78751,45466,080  Others

    212,5206,423194,036177,967157,498177,578  Subtotal

    26,225,61420,47716,06519,53820,211  United States

    238,8232,037214,513194,032177,036197,789  World Total

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    Regional Wheat Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    8,554  North America 7,784 9,862 8,923 8,085 8,0

    1,666  Central America 1,654 1,833 1,834 1,795 1,7

    13,779  South America 14,422 14,831 13,181 14,015 13,8

    7,362  European Union - 28 5,276 3,976 5,975 6,000 6,0

    1,930  Other Europe 1,703 1,921 1,748 1,895 1,88,022  Former Soviet Union - 12 7,228 7,411 7,667 7,340 7,4

    23,066  Middle East 24,163 28,342 26,928 26,050 25,5

    24,855  North Africa 22,078 25,229 25,180 25,600 25,8

    19,176  Sub-Saharan Africa 18,501 20,443 20,945 22,630 23,3

    16,865  East Asia 17,352 19,463 14,120 14,410 14,9

    5,487  South Asia 5,308 6,733 8,035 7,451 7,4

    18,019  Southeast Asia 16,325 17,119 20,595 21,375 21,3

    3,127  Others 2,965 3,049 3,201 3,215 3,2

    151,908  Total 144,759 160,212 158,332 159,861 160,7

    Production no

    83,160  North America 91,734 99,012 88,254 87,220 87,2

    26,131  South America 18,011 19,762 22,727 20,041 20,3

    138,182  European Union - 28 133,949 144,583 156,525 157,977 157,9

    3,597  Other Europe 3,431 4,059 3,856 4,132 4,1

    114,985  Former Soviet Union - 12 77,802 103,873 112,728 117,530 117,539,285  Middle East 36,884 41,708 35,117 40,855 40,8

    18,366  North Africa 17,320 19,722 16,900 20,000 20,0

    6,231  Sub-Saharan Africa 6,718 7,518 7,721 6,871 6,8

    118,775  East Asia 122,490 123,248 127,648 131,488 131,5

    117,450  South Asia 126,412 125,917 130,154 122,648 122,6

    30,288  Oceania 23,345 25,751 24,080 26,425 26,4

    186  Others 186 201 201 201 2

    696,636  Total 658,282 715,354 725,911 735,388 735,7

    Domestic Consumption no

    49,414  North America 53,923 50,344 47,519 48,197 47,9

    26,085  South America 26,232 27,151 26,867 26,694 27,0

    127,234  European Union - 28 119,250 117,300 123,500 125,750 125,7

    4,871  Other Europe 4,721 4,757 4,810 4,890 4,8

    79,970  Former Soviet Union - 12 71,725 72,750 75,860 78,305 78,3

    56,723  Middle East 56,636 58,717 58,112 60,095 60,040,927  North Africa 41,421 42,424 42,676 44,325 44,3

    23,260  Sub-Saharan Africa 23,994 26,659 27,139 28,045 29,7

    137,057  East Asia 140,072 130,321 129,287 130,851 127,1

    115,930  South Asia 121,007 132,041 132,333 134,016 131,1

    16,665  Southeast Asia 16,520 16,574 19,280 20,680 20,7

    7,824  Oceania 8,111 8,280 8,869 8,800 8,8

    3,379  Others 3,366 3,494 3,552 3,594 3,5

    689,339  Total 686,978 690,812 699,804 714,242 709,5

    Ending Stocks no

    26,718  North America 24,950 26,817 28,080 31,882 31,2

    4,203  South America 3,517 6,723 6,446 4,626 4,2

    13,522  European Union - 28 10,711 9,938 13,520 19,259 19,2

    1,458  Other Europe 1,149 1,103 1,242 1,304 1,3

    26,373  Former Soviet Union - 12 14,287 15,674 19,995 20,205 20,3

    12,193  Middle East 13,798 18,275 17,877 19,357 18,8

    14,094  North Africa 11,487 13,550 12,347 12,972 13,1

    2,401  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,486 2,957 3,252 3,756 2,8

    59,235  East Asia 57,509 68,487 79,632 91,144 97,4

    25,106  South Asia 28,004 21,684 23,095 17,724 20,6

    4,678  Southeast Asia 3,814 3,582 4,045 4,140 3,8

    7,436  Oceania 4,983 4,875 4,569 5,309 5,3

    372  Others 341 367 413 359 3

    197,789  Total 177,036 194,032 214,513 232,037 238,8

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

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    10 

    RICE: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE

    OVERVIEW

    Global production for 2015/16 is down from last month due to a smaller expected second crop inThailand. Trade is adjusted lower due to reduced exports for major global suppliers Thailandand Vietnam and fewer imports from Indonesia, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Global stocks are downmarginally and remain 14 percent lower than the prior year. U.S. exports are unchanged. TheU.S. season-average farm price is lowered.

    The United States exported nearly 300,000 tons of rice to Colombia in 2015, more than triplingthe amount exported in 2014. As discussed in the July 2015 report, Colombia has an annualtariff rate quota under the U.S. –  Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement, which was set at90,152 metric tons in 2015. However, Colombia’s tight domestic supplies, coupled with fewerimports from neighboring Venezuela led to higher local prices, spurring the need for out-of-quota imports. Although lower-priced rice was available on the global market, Colombiafulfilled its additional demand with imports of U.S. rice.

    While domestic rice prices have fallen from the highs in 2015, Colombia’s Ministry of

    Agriculture announced that 200,000 tons of imports would be needed in 2016 due to prolongeddry conditions. According to the declaration, the imports will be subject to normal duties, will be authorized only from countries that have satisfied Colombia’s phytosanitary requirements,and will be imported by the private sector.

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    Colombia

    Colombia

    White Rice

    U.S. No. 2, 4%

    Brokens

    U.S. Rice Exports to Colombia Soared Amid High Domestic Prices

       U   S   D   /   M   T

    Th  o u s  an d MT

    eign Agricultural Service/USDA Februafice of Global Analysis

    http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/fas/grain-market/2010s/2015/grain-market-07-10-2015.pdfhttp://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/fas/grain-market/2010s/2015/grain-market-07-10-2015.pdfhttp://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/fas/grain-market/2010s/2015/grain-market-07-10-2015.pdfhttp://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/fas/grain-market/2010s/2015/grain-market-07-10-2015.pdf

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    11 

    Over the past month, the premiums that U.S. and South American quotes hold over Asian havecontinued to shrink. After beginning the 2016 calendar year at $368/ton, Thai quotes rose 6 percent to $389/ton due to deliveries of pre-existing government-to-government sales. Duringthe same period, continued weak demand resulted in Uruguay quotes sliding 6 percent to$470/ton and U.S. quotes falling $25 to $495/ton.

    SELECTED TRADE CHANGES for 2016 

      Indonesia’s imports are lowered 100,000 tons to 1.9 million as larger carryin stocksreduce the need for additional imports in 2016.

      Iran’s imports are reduced 150,000 tons to 1.45 million on shipping and financingdifficulties, reflecting stagnant demand growth.

      Saudi Arabia’s imports are down 100,000 tons to 1.45 million on indications of a slowerrate of consumption growth in line with prior years.

      Thailand’s exports are cut 300,000 tons to 10.0 million on lower production.

      Vietnam’s exports are lowered 300,000 tons to 7.0 million on reduced exportable

    supplies.

    300

    350

    400

    450

    500

    550

    600

    650

    $/MT

    U.S. #2/4 (long-grain) THAI 100B VIET 5% UGY 5%

    Global Rice Export Quotes

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    SELECTED TRADE CHANGES for 2015

      India’s exports are reduced 200,000 tons to 10.8 million as December exports werelower than expected.

      Thailand’s exports are up 579,000 tons to 9.8 million on final data.

      Vietnam’s exports are raised 105,000 tons to 6.6 million on final data.

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    World Rice Trade

    January/December Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    4480325494526608  Argentina

    88008958528301,105  Brazil

    1,81,8001,7501,6881,1631,357  Burma

    88001,1001,0001,075900  Cambodia4450300393447267  China

    4400250600700600  Egypt

    2270260284203194  European Union

    5520536502346265  Guyana

    8,58,50010,80010,90710,48010,250  India

    4,64,6004,0003,6004,1263,399  Pakistan

    5500407380365262  Paraguay

    1190170187140314  Russia

    10,010,3009,77910,9696,7226,945  Thailand

    99507189579391,056  Uruguay

    7,07,3006,6056,3256,7007,717  Vietnam

    1,09111,1471,2611,4251,430  Others

    38,238,77139,04240,39936,18736,669  Subtotal

    3,33,3253,4682,9983,2953,298  United States

    41,542,09642,51043,39739,48239,967  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    4450450496430360  Angola

    66006001,29011453  Bangladesh

    7700365586712732  Brazil

    5530525610550450  Cameroon

    4,74,7004,5004,1683,4832,900  China

    88001,1009508301,265  Cote d'Ivoire

    5500575377413330  Cuba

    1,51,5001,7501,5561,3751,313  European Union

    6600500590725595  Ghana

    1,92,0001,1861,2256501,960  Indonesia

    1,41,6001,3001,6502,2201,500  Iran

    1,21,2001,1001,0801,2941,478  Iraq

    7700688669690650  Japan

    4460450440410400  Kenya

    1,01,0001,0009898851,006  Malaysia

    7700700658746680  Mexico

    5500480500500445  Mozambique

    5450550510340351  Nepal

    2,52,5003,0003,2002,4003,400  Nigeria

    2,02,0001,8501,8001,0001,500  Philippines

    1,41,5501,4201,4101,3261,193  Saudi Arabia

    1,11,1001,1001,2001,0751,200  Senegal

    1,01,0001,000910990870  South Africa

    4460460450440430  United Arab Emirates

    5500500480500375  Venezuela

    11,011,08810,98012,43811,73511,051  Others

    38,839,18838,12940,23235,83336,487  Subtotal

    1,92,1333,6232,4102,9742,840  Unaccounted

    7775758755675640  United States

    41,542,09642,51043,39739,48239,967  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes. Note about dates: 2015/16 is calendar year 2016, 2014/15 is calendar year 2015, and so on.

    eign Agricultural Service/USDA Februafice of Global Analysis

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    World Rice Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Milled Production

    34,634,60034,50034,39033,82033,700  Bangladesh

    7,98,0008,4658,3008,0377,888  Brazil

    12,212,20012,60011,95711,71511,473  Burma

    4,34,3504,7004,7254,6704,268  Cambodia145,7145,770144,560142,530143,000140,700  China

    4,04,0004,5304,7504,6754,250  Egypt

    100,0100,000104,800106,646105,240105,310  India

    36,336,30035,56036,30036,55036,500  Indonesia

    7,97,9007,8427,9377,9237,812  Japan

    4,34,3274,2414,2304,0064,224  Korea, South

    6,96,9007,0056,7985,5366,160  Pakistan

    11,511,50011,91511,85811,42810,710  Philippines

    3,33,3002,8502,8402,6753,138  Sri Lanka

    15,916,40018,75020,46020,20020,460  Thailand

    28,228,20028,23428,16127,53727,152  Vietnam

    40,240,26540,48040,43039,14438,020  Others

    463,3464,012471,032472,312466,156461,765  Subtotal

    6,16,1077,1066,1176,3485,866  United States

    469,5470,119478,138478,429472,504467,631  World Total

    no

    Consumption and Residual

    35,535,50035,20034,90034,50034,300  Bangladesh

    7,97,9007,9007,9007,8507,928  Brazil

    10,610,65010,65010,45010,40010,200  Burma

    3,63,6003,6503,6503,5503,400  Cambodia

    150,0150,000147,600146,300144,000139,600  China

    4,04,0004,0004,0004,0503,620  Egypt

    98,098,00098,00099,18094,03193,334  India

    38,338,30038,30038,50038,12738,188  Indonesia

    8,38,3758,3088,2858,3678,396  Japan

    4,34,3554,4154,4224,4894,880  Korea, South

    3,63,5503,7163,8113,3533,677  Nepal

    5,85,8505,8005,8005,3005,600  Nigeria

    13,213,25013,20012,85012,85012,860  Philippines

    11,211,50011,00010,87510,60010,400  Thailand

    21,921,90022,10022,00021,90019,650  Vietnam

    61,261,41060,89161,27858,93056,838  Others

    479,8480,418477,907477,582464,987457,398  Subtotal

    3,83,8534,1553,9773,7793,492  United States

    483,6484,271482,062481,559468,766460,890  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    47,647,68047,66046,81146,82645,023  China

    11,111,18617,68622,75725,44025,100  India

    3,83,8613,9475,5016,4767,403  Indonesia

    3,33,3623,2023,1082,8572,735  Japan

    1,51,5801,188899780755  Korea, South

    2,42,4602,2101,6951,4871,509  Philippines

    4,94,9749,99511,72412,8089,330  Thailand

    12,813,27016,02013,86412,68413,618  Others

    87,988,373101,908106,359109,358105,473  Subtotal

    1,31,3291,5521,0251,1561,303  United States

    89,289,702103,460107,384110,514106,776  World Total

    Note: All data are reported on a milled basis.

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    Regional Rice Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    1,664  North America 1,776 1,771 1,808 1,835 1,8

    845  Caribbean 971 901 1,150 1,075 1,0

    1,896  South America 1,843 1,824 1,677 1,947 1,9

    114  Other Europe 125 89 105 125 1

    469  Former Soviet Union - 12 557 577 421 476 46,455  Middle East 7,152 6,637 6,005 6,620 6,3

    777  North Africa 487 480 460 485 4

    12,135  Sub-Saharan Africa 11,740 12,909 11,790 11,370 11,3

    4,389  East Asia 5,332 5,761 6,022 6,355 6,3

    737  South Asia 722 2,581 1,620 1,220 1,2

    5,488  Southeast Asia 3,606 5,027 5,294 6,140 6,0

    2,158  Others 2,197 2,430 2,535 2,315 2,3

    37,127  Total 36,508 40,987 38,887 39,963 39,6

    Production no

    5,979  North America 6,479 6,248 7,285 6,242 6,2

    1,002  Caribbean 974 1,040 1,065 976 9

    15,215  South America 15,852 16,384 16,382 16,304 16,2

    2,139  European Union - 28 2,100 1,937 1,902 2,005 2,0

    1,294  Former Soviet Union - 12 1,294 1,205 1,185 1,225 1,2

    2,170  Middle East 2,251 2,450 2,443 2,392 2,34,289  North Africa 4,704 4,789 4,530 4,000 4,0

    12,997  Sub-Saharan Africa 13,376 14,006 14,378 14,372 14,3

    155,508  East Asia 157,859 157,687 159,553 160,767 160,7

    152,027  South Asia 150,631 154,490 152,756 148,420 148,4

    113,649  Southeast Asia 115,490 116,867 115,435 112,511 112,0

    1,362  Others 1,494 1,326 1,224 905 8

    467,631  Total 472,504 478,429 478,138 470,119 469,5

    Domestic Consumption no

    4,668  North America 4,977 5,202 5,379 5,083 5,0

    1,156  Central America 1,171 1,193 1,243 1,247 1,2

    1,977  Caribbean 1,964 1,973 2,131 2,078 2,0

    14,180  South America 14,404 14,556 14,503 14,748 14,7

    3,300  European Union - 28 3,250 3,250 3,265 3,280 3,2

    1,435  Former Soviet Union - 12 1,579 1,556 1,429 1,446 1,4

    8,603  Middle East 8,854 9,029 8,835 8,990 8,94,045  North Africa 4,572 4,480 4,430 4,460 4,4

    23,811  Sub-Saharan Africa 24,777 26,628 26,079 26,285 26,2

    156,232  East Asia 160,365 162,597 163,662 166,000 166,0

    137,167  South Asia 137,462 143,946 143,507 143,620 143,6

    99,128  Southeast Asia 101,994 103,092 103,902 104,261 104,0

    661  Others 707 676 520 495 4

    456,363  Total 466,076 478,178 478,885 481,993 481,7

    Ending Stocks no

    1,455  North America 1,345 1,176 1,704 1,443 1,4

    235  Central America 189 208 242 245 2

    343  Caribbean 279 261 226 199 1

    1,606  South America 1,491 1,788 2,000 1,925 1,8

    1,146  European Union - 28 1,188 1,163 1,231 1,176 1,1

    1,526  Middle East 2,039 1,836 1,521 1,491 1,3

    487  North Africa 427 602 916 541 5

    2,085  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,297 1,820 2,493 1,619 1,6

    48,887  East Asia 50,826 51,106 52,341 52,923 52,9

    27,461  South Asia 26,819 25,629 21,610 14,525 14,5

    21,371  Southeast Asia 23,197 21,399 18,882 13,405 13,3

    40  Oceania 238 241 182 68

    134  Others 179 155 112 142 1

    106,776  Total 110,514 107,384 103,460 89,702 89,2

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

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    16 

    150

     160

     170

     180

     190

     200

          $     /     M     T

    Corn Daily Export Bids

    U.S. Gulf Brazil Paranagua Black Sea Argentina Up River  

    COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE

    OVERVIEW

    World corn production for 2015/16 is forecast higher, with gains in Argentina and Brazil more

    than offsetting smaller crops in Indonesia and South Africa. Global trade is also projected up,highlighted by greater imports for India, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, South Africa, Turkey, and theUnited States. Exports for Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay are boosted, more than offsettinglower exports for the United States. The U.S. season-average farm price is unchanged.

    South African corn production is projected down 1.0 million tons to 7.0 million, resulting in a300,000-ton boost to 2015/16 imports (Oct-Sep). However, the import forecast for SouthAfrica’s 2015/16 marketing year (beginning May 2016) is doubled to 3.0 million tons on higherexpected demand for exports to Southern African Customs Union (SACU) partners.

    PRICES

    Since the release of the January WASDE report, price quotes from all major exporters haverisen. U.S. corn export prices climbed $8/ton to $172 with lower estimated U.S. corn productionand confirmation of steady domestic usage. Argentine quotes are maintaining a discount to U.S.quotes, despite rising $14/ton to $169 because of strong export demand. Black Sea quotes are upmarginally to $167/ton. Brazilian prices are seasonally unavailable.

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    17 

    TRADE CHANGES IN 2015/16

    Selected Exporters

      U.S. corn is cut 1.5 million tons to 42.0 million as sales and shipments continue to face

    stiff competition from South America. U.S. imports are up 250,000 tons to 1.25 millionon large shipments to date. 

      Argentine corn is raised 2.0 million tons to 19.5 million on the continued fast pace ofold-crop sales as well as the expectation of larger new-crop supplies.  

      Brazilian corn is boosted 1.5 million tons to a record 36.5 million based on the rapid paceof old-crop shipments and the expectation of another large crop in 15/16. 

      Paraguayan corn is up 400,000 tons to 2.7 million on the faster-than-expected pace ofshipments for October-December.

      Argentine barley is raised 200,000 tons to 2.2 million as a result of greater exportablesupplies.

      Canadian barley is cut 350,000 tons to 1.35 million on diminished competitiveness andhigher expected feed use resulting from rising wheat prices.

      EU barley is boosted 1.0 million tons to 9.0 million on a robust pace of license issued,mostly to China (Chinese imports are up 500,000 tons to 7.5 million).

    Selected Importers

      Indian corn is raised 350,000 tons to a record 400,000 reflecting recent purchases. Theseare the first sizable imports since 1999/00.

      Indonesian corn is raised 300,000 tons to 3.3 million on a smaller crop.

      Iranian corn is up 500,000 tons to 5.0 million on higher-than-expected recent arrivals. 

      Mexican corn is lifted 300,000 tons to 11.3 million on the fast pace of imports and theexpectation that expanded corn feeding will compensate for a smaller sorghum crop. 

      South African corn is raised 300,000 tons to 2.0 million on a lower production forecast. 

      Turkish corn is boosted 300,000 tons to 1.2 million on higher-than-expected early-seasonshipments in light of high domestic corn prices.

      Saudi barley is raised 500,000 tons to 8.0 million on the strong pace of shipments fromthe EU, Russia, and Ukraine.

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    World Coarse Grain Trade

    October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    22,820,70521,00116,63029,49722,308  Argentina

    7,47,4257,2717,0036,4107,279  Australia

    36,535,01521,95422,05926,07812,677  Brazil

    4,04,4003,5945,4604,6583,853  Canada10,39,30515,0717,8418,9147,177  European Union

    1,01,0001,3714,5245,5414,858  India

    2,72,3053,0312,7182,8612,188  Paraguay

    6,96,9109,1527,0724,3655,997  Russia

    1,71,7252,9671,7556282,345  Serbia

    19,219,23024,20824,12515,52717,447  Ukraine

    7,37,0607,2368,6187,1047,127  Others

    120,1115,080116,856107,805111,58393,256  Subtotal

    49,951,43556,34056,77220,58640,106  United States

    170,0166,515173,196164,577132,169133,362  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    4,84,8104,8634,9463,2893,741  Algeria

    2,02,0001,7061,6211,3271,523  Chile

    17,216,75025,69912,4455,6047,924  China

    4,84,8304,7474,7954,0904,103  Colombia

    8,08,0557,9298,7765,0967,252  Egypt

    16,216,2359,25516,29511,7776,908  European Union

    3,33,0003,3813,5012,7191,724  Indonesia

    6,56,0008,1006,6004,8005,700  Iran

    1,91,9751,6102,0731,5641,530  Israel

    17,017,07516,72517,50117,74317,730  Japan

    1,51,5751,4591,6721,4061,311  Jordan

    1,11,100979894202490  Kenya

    10,010,09010,25310,4998,2657,726  Korea, South

    1,61,6501,6851,4931,220829  Libya

    3,53,5003,2213,4763,0483,309  Malaysia

    12,011,75011,57011,3177,62712,819  Mexico

    2,32,3002,2172,8581,8312,479  Morocco

    2,82,8252,8632,3362,4041,927  Peru

    11,511,02511,12911,33112,39010,485  Saudi Arabia

    2,11,80061123592565  South Africa

    4,24,2003,9354,3564,3984,478  Taiwan

    1,51,5001,5251,4491,6101,071  Tunisia

    1,29552,5801,9771,922782  Turkey

    2,12,1002,4332,6272,1542,596  Venezuela

    3,03,0003,5002,8001,7001,600  Vietnam

    18,117,48518,45316,96415,01416,414  Others

    160,9157,585162,428154,837123,292127,016  Subtotal

    5,45,5707,4816,4182,3623,204  Unaccounted

    3,63,3603,2873,3226,5153,142  United States

    170,0166,515173,196164,577132,169133,362  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Coarse Grains Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    35,033,46134,03235,66537,24630,105  Argentina

    12,612,67511,65112,15811,41412,257  Australia

    86,584,08387,60382,60384,25375,884  Brazil

    25,625,66021,99228,74524,44522,921  Canada231,5231,580222,750225,408212,192198,635  China

    12,412,40013,35014,46812,28612,264  Ethiopia

    150,9150,679170,644158,916145,942149,923  European Union

    39,139,10041,97143,21639,91042,058  India

    9,19,6008,8009,1008,5008,850  Indonesia

    30,731,32532,39032,02028,88125,689  Mexico

    17,917,95019,01519,29218,57317,421  Nigeria

    7,87,8007,6717,5327,2617,130  Philippines

    37,337,32040,38635,73528,65833,077  Russia

    14,114,0759,47513,07510,59511,299  Turkey

    33,233,25039,38940,02229,52833,476  Ukraine

    152,9154,089159,100155,980151,197153,104  Others

    897,3895,047920,219913,935850,881834,093  Subtotal

    366,9366,902377,234367,089285,311322,451  United States

    1,264,21,261,9491,297,4531,281,0241,136,1921,156,544  World Total

    no

    Domestic Consumption

    14,514,77614,03213,69512,05010,510  Argentina

    60,861,86859,99858,02855,80354,653  Brazil

    21,921,80321,29122,37220,33920,285  Canada

    237,4235,475229,059223,546209,671196,192  China

    15,415,45814,80914,08012,91012,736  Egypt

    12,712,62514,05014,30012,15011,850  Ethiopia

    161,4161,445163,270164,105153,095151,460  European Union

    39,439,15040,00037,60035,07537,650  India

    12,712,72012,02011,32010,52010,320  Iran

    17,117,22516,98517,67018,03017,990  Japan

    42,842,81541,92540,88536,19537,985  Mexico

    18,118,15018,95019,35018,70017,321  Nigeria

    30,430,42031,13928,61925,13427,728  Russia

    14,414,13013,08013,43013,00511,755  Turkey

    14,013,93015,23015,97714,66115,559  Ukraine

    237,1237,007233,818225,160217,892214,532  Others

    945,4945,189955,246928,322859,012866,627  Subtotal

    315,7315,070311,347305,048275,537288,857  United States

    1,261,11,260,2591,266,5931,233,3701,134,5491,155,484  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    8,58,0899,91614,2579,5594,821  Brazil

    4,04,0593,3424,6483,0243,390  Canada

    112,8114,800102,02082,65268,37860,362  China

    13,913,69617,99215,53113,08315,745  European Union

    6,66,1747,2345,0944,6544,684  Iran

    3,84,0674,8073,5831,6281,857  Mexico

    3,93,7973,8773,8883,3913,211  Saudi Arabia

    39,939,69045,89947,20936,27339,989  Others

    193,8194,372195,087176,862139,990134,059  Subtotal

    51,350,41346,94834,31323,53127,819  United States

    245,1244,785242,035211,175163,521161,878  World Total

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    Regional Coarse Grains Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    16,725  North America 14,665 15,353 16,567 16,145 16,6

    2,769  Central America 2,470 2,923 3,460 3,375 3,5

    2,156  Caribbean 2,327 2,330 2,444 2,410 2,4

    11,967  South America 11,812 13,182 13,355 13,350 13,4

    6,908  European Union - 28 11,777 16,295 9,255 16,235 16,21,037  Former Soviet Union - 12 722 816 752 815 8

    23,515  Middle East 25,076 26,613 27,765 24,340 25,6

    15,372  North Africa 13,046 19,522 18,219 18,315 18,3

    3,328  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,745 3,629 4,429 5,765 6,1

    38,040  East Asia 36,163 44,880 56,669 48,215 48,6

    7,317  Southeast Asia 8,058 11,287 11,443 10,680 10,9

    1,024  Others 946 1,329 1,357 1,300 1,6

    130,158  Total 129,807 158,159 165,715 160,945 164,6

    Production no

    371,061  North America 338,637 427,854 431,616 423,887 423,3

    119,602  South America 136,025 131,844 135,041 131,105 135,2

    149,923  European Union - 28 145,942 158,916 170,644 150,679 150,9

    9,497  Other Europe 6,570 8,813 10,696 8,446 8,4

    78,648  Former Soviet Union - 12 68,222 87,749 91,773 81,976 82,2

    20,412  Middle East 18,769 21,737 17,957 22,796 22,811,142  North Africa 10,126 11,647 11,192 12,532 12,5

    99,469  Sub-Saharan Africa 103,590 103,848 105,158 98,090 97,0

    200,771  East Asia 214,616 227,807 225,149 233,989 233,9

    50,175  South Asia 47,642 51,986 50,512 47,754 47,7

    28,379  Southeast Asia 29,138 30,968 30,863 32,503 32,0

    12,813  Oceania 12,082 12,805 12,329 13,385 13,3

    4,652  Others 4,833 5,050 4,523 4,807 4,4

    1,156,544  Total 1,136,192 1,281,024 1,297,453 1,261,949 1,264,2

    Domestic Consumption no

    347,127  North America 332,071 368,305 374,563 379,688 380,4

    86,793  South America 89,796 94,422 97,010 100,192 98,9

    151,460  European Union - 28 153,095 164,105 163,270 161,445 161,4

    8,375  Other Europe 7,100 7,707 7,974 8,030 8,0

    54,378  Former Soviet Union - 12 50,225 55,679 57,998 56,156 56,2

    41,186  Middle East 43,027 45,890 45,367 47,631 48,225,266  North Africa 24,941 27,998 30,197 31,240 31,2

    97,790  Sub-Saharan Africa 103,311 103,168 107,481 104,345 104,4

    228,717  East Asia 243,025 257,800 262,657 269,346 271,2

    45,605  South Asia 42,604 46,367 48,915 48,126 48,4

    34,612  Southeast Asia 35,867 37,904 40,131 41,465 41,4

    6,518  Oceania 6,132 5,765 5,272 5,924 5,9

    9,556  Others 9,573 10,075 10,168 10,479 10,4

    1,137,383  Total 1,140,767 1,225,185 1,251,003 1,264,067 1,266,5

    Ending Stocks no

    33,066  North America 28,183 42,544 55,097 58,539 59,1

    9,644  South America 15,559 21,379 15,080 12,853 13,9

    15,745  European Union - 28 13,083 15,531 17,992 13,696 13,9

    1,024  Other Europe 603 766 1,200 786 7

    6,181  Former Soviet Union - 12 5,037 7,114 7,848 6,084 6,0

    10,547  Middle East 10,059 11,817 13,064 12,549 13,3

    5,504  North Africa 3,526 5,719 5,649 5,346 5,3

    9,272  Sub-Saharan Africa 9,055 9,971 10,289 7,554 7,5

    63,392  East Asia 71,012 85,916 105,071 118,021 115,8

    2,676  South Asia 2,445 3,938 4,240 3,068 3,1

    3,061  Southeast Asia 3,275 4,396 4,191 3,769 3,5

    978  Oceania 915 1,134 1,268 1,409 1,4

    788  Others 769 950 1,046 1,111 1,0

    161,878  Total 163,521 211,175 242,035 244,785 245,1

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

    eign Agricultural Service/USDA Februafice of Global Analysis

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    World Corn Trade

    October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    19,517,50018,44712,84622,78916,501  Argentina

    36,535,00021,90922,04126,04412,674  Brazil

    9900850700550200  Burma

    1,01,0003951,9171,813494  Canada1,01,0004,0302,4052,1933,287  European Union

    1,01,000784501522694  Mexico

    2,72,3003,0122,7142,8582,188  Paraguay

    3,83,8003,2134,1921,9172,027  Russia

    1,71,7002,9641,7366012,331  Serbia

    15,515,50019,66120,00412,72615,157  Ukraine

    5,25,0755,79110,41410,2529,787  Others

    88,884,77581,05679,47082,26565,340  Subtotal

    42,043,50046,77350,68418,26238,342  United States

    130,8128,275127,829130,154100,527103,682  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    4,24,2004,1164,1562,9183,231  Algeria

    1,01,0001,533679493747  Canada

    1,81,8001,5161,456844906  Chile

    2,52,5005,5163,2772,7025,231  China

    4,54,5004,4964,4363,2663,209  Colombia

    1,11,1001,2021,0111,0461,054  Dominican Republic

    8,08,0007,8268,7265,0597,154  Egypt

    16,016,0008,75615,95211,3626,113  European Union

    3,33,0003,3813,5012,7191,724  Indonesia

    5,04,5006,2005,5003,7004,000  Iran

    1,61,6001,2961,6521,2241,221  Israel

    14,714,70014,65615,12114,41214,892  Japan

    1,01,000900800100400  Kenya

    10,010,00010,16810,4068,1747,636  Korea, South

    3,53,5003,2213,4763,0483,309  Malaysia

    11,311,00011,26910,9545,67611,172  Mexico

    2,12,1001,9412,3491,6841,943  Morocco

    2,72,7002,7412,2322,2541,772  Peru

    3,53,5002,9042,6842,0631,816  Saudi Arabia

    2,01,700469790424  South Africa

    4,14,1003,8214,1894,2324,341  Taiwan

    1,11,1001,042993846853  Tunisia

    1,29002,2381,3811,656729  Turkey

    2,12,1002,4332,6262,1542,596  Venezuela

    3,03,0003,5002,8001,7001,600  Vietnam

    14,714,15014,11613,95511,55012,615  Others

    126,0123,750121,257124,39194,882100,688  Subtotal

    3,53,5255,7635,0361,3802,229  Unaccounted

    1,21,0008097274,265765  United States

    130,8128,275127,829130,154100,527103,682  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Corn Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    27,025,60027,00026,00027,00021,000  Argentina

    84,081,50085,00080,00081,50073,000  Brazil

    13,613,60011,48714,19413,06011,359  Canada

    224,5224,580215,646218,490205,614192,780  China6,06,0005,9605,8005,8005,500  Egypt

    57,757,75175,79364,63558,89668,123  European Union

    21,021,00023,67024,25922,25821,759  India

    9,19,6008,8009,1008,5008,850  Indonesia

    23,523,50025,48022,88021,59118,726  Mexico

    7,07,0007,5157,7007,6309,250  Nigeria

    7,87,8007,6717,5327,2617,130  Philippines

    13,013,00011,32511,6358,2136,962  Russia

    7,08,00010,80014,92512,36512,759  South Africa

    6,16,0004,8005,1004,4003,600  Turkey

    23,323,50028,45030,90020,92222,838  Ukraine

    93,894,01498,50696,95891,30193,347  Others

    624,5622,445647,903640,108596,311576,983  Subtotal

    345,4345,486361,091351,272273,192312,789  United States

    970,0967,9311,008,994991,380869,503889,772  World Total

    no

    Total Consumption

    9,59,8009,1008,8007,9007,000  Argentina

    58,059,00057,00055,00052,50051,500  Brazil

    13,413,35012,82012,70011,60511,636  Canada

    216,0214,000202,000208,000200,000188,000  China

    14,514,50013,90013,20012,00011,700  Egypt

    76,076,00078,00076,50069,60069,500  European Union

    21,721,40022,00019,60017,50017,200  India

    12,712,70012,20011,90010,90010,500  Indonesia

    14,714,70014,70015,10014,50014,900  Japan

    10,110,10010,2509,8918,4817,815  Korea, South

    34,734,30034,45031,70027,00029,000  Mexico

    8,68,6008,5008,0007,4007,400  Philippines

    9,29,2008,1007,5006,4004,700  Russia

    10,710,70011,50011,50011,00010,700  South Africa

    8,48,4009,4009,7008,1007,800  Ukraine

    155,9155,843155,284150,127141,421140,894  Others

    665,3664,709675,751656,373601,661606,991  Subtotal

    302,1301,512301,854292,965262,973277,961  United States

    967,4966,221977,605949,338864,634884,952  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    8,17,6729,57213,9729,1504,212  Brazil

    111,4113,494100,46481,31567,57059,335  China

    1,71,7642,2742,3981,0762,220  Egypt

    6,06,0999,3486,8295,1476,682  European Union

    5,44,9565,8164,4763,2363,336  Iran

    1,81,8981,8601,8601,2651,489  Korea, South

    3,33,4094,2092,6941,0611,316  Mexico

    24,023,86428,66229,95423,38424,167  Others

    162,1163,156162,205143,498111,889102,757  Subtotal

    46,645,78243,97431,29220,85925,122  United States

    208,8208,938206,179174,790132,748127,879  World Total

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    Regional Corn Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    12,684  North America 10,434 12,360 13,611 13,000 13,5

    2,766  Central America 2,470 2,922 3,460 3,375 3,5

    9,886  South America 9,651 12,027 12,040 12,050 12,0

    6,113  European Union - 28 11,362 15,952 8,756 16,000 16,0

    327  Former Soviet Union - 12 321 447 470 490 410,853  Middle East 10,942 13,812 15,198 13,000 13,8

    13,827  North Africa 11,154 17,036 15,609 16,150 16,1

    2,660  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,096 2,937 3,740 5,225 5,5

    32,282  East Asia 29,673 33,072 34,218 31,400 31,4

    7,304  Southeast Asia 8,040 11,246 11,432 10,665 10,9

    2,156  Caribbean 2,327 2,330 2,444 2,410 2,4

    595  Others 677 977 1,088 985 1,3

    101,453  Total 99,147 125,118 122,066 124,750 127,2

    Production no

    342,874  North America 307,843 388,346 398,058 382,586 382,5

    105,578  South America 120,997 117,456 123,479 118,475 122,3

    68,123  European Union - 28 58,896 64,635 75,793 57,751 57,7

    7,810  Other Europe 4,915 7,210 8,945 6,676 6,6

    34,121  Former Soviet Union - 12 32,310 46,916 43,725 39,910 39,9

    7,164  Middle East 7,480 8,138 7,853 9,043 9,15,722  North Africa 5,891 6,001 6,161 6,201 6,2

    62,102  Sub-Saharan Africa 60,564 64,296 60,868 54,851 53,8

    194,585  East Asia 207,737 220,583 217,739 226,693 226,6

    28,646  South Asia 28,857 31,865 31,035 28,470 28,4

    3,602  Central America 3,743 3,893 3,366 3,650 3,3

    28,138  Southeast Asia 28,893 30,721 30,618 32,258 31,7

    1,307  Others 1,377 1,320 1,354 1,367 1,3

    889,772  Total 869,503 991,380 1,008,994 967,931 970,0

    Domestic Consumption no

    318,597  North America 301,578 337,365 349,124 349,162 350,2

    76,391  South America 78,981 83,566 86,456 89,380 87,9

    69,500  European Union - 28 69,600 76,500 78,000 76,000 76,0

    6,392  Other Europe 5,194 5,847 6,022 6,010 6,0

    16,420  Former Soviet Union - 12 18,080 21,131 21,401 21,505 21,5

    17,585  Middle East 18,710 19,785 21,835 22,435 22,718,000  North Africa 18,450 20,800 22,100 23,100 23,1

    60,348  Sub-Saharan Africa 60,033 62,828 63,095 60,388 60,3

    217,047  East Asia 229,434 239,295 232,977 245,025 247,0

    23,875  South Asia 23,880 27,182 29,705 29,170 29,4

    34,357  Southeast Asia 35,609 37,653 39,849 41,210 41,2

    6,350  Central America 6,175 6,650 6,690 6,935 6,8

    3,344  Others 3,556 3,581 3,804 3,785 3,7

    868,206  Total 869,280 942,183 961,058 974,105 976,3

    Ending Stocks no

    27,803  North America 23,469 35,586 49,585 50,843 51,5

    8,290  South America 13,629 19,008 13,142 11,084 12,0

    6,682  European Union - 28 5,147 6,829 9,348 6,099 6,0

    771  Other Europe 353 517 961 542 5

    2,441  Former Soviet Union - 12 2,003 3,421 3,057 2,533 2,4

    4,510  Middle East 4,228 5,957 7,071 6,434 7,0

    2,994  North Africa 1,719 3,168 3,336 2,577 2,5

    7,058  Sub-Saharan Africa 6,631 7,966 7,897 5,490 5,4

    61,841  East Asia 69,711 84,099 103,081 116,223 114,0

    1,628  South Asia 1,780 2,842 3,384 2,159 2,2

    3,058  Southeast Asia 3,270 4,390 4,185 3,763 3,5

    503  Central America 474 610 587 642 5

    300  Others 334 397 545 549 5

    127,879  Total 132,748 174,790 206,179 208,938 208,8

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

    eign Agricultural Service/USDA Februafice of Global Analysis

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    World Barley Trade

    October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    2,22,0001,5982,8293,6473,631  Argentina

    6,06,0005,2686,2624,6215,819  Australia

    1,31,7001,3841,7141,3161,437  Canada

    9,08,00010,6424,9266,4733,646  European Union22009754654252  India

    6500476501151659  Kazakhstan

    3,03,0005,8032,7912,3663,668  Russia

    253182614  Serbia

    251090103  Turkey

    3,63,6004,3323,8272,6592,166  Ukraine

    351566916622  Others

    26,025,08529,76923,49221,96721,217  Subtotal

    3300292336163179  United States

    26,325,38530,06123,82822,13021,396  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    6600723778364501  Algeria

    1100125781449  Azerbaijan

    4400489338369274  Brazil

    110093567973  Chile

    7,57,0009,8594,8912,1842,541  China

    2275249253232301  Colombia

    11002685852364  European Union

    1,51,5001,9001,1001,1001,700  Iran

    3325278304244276  Israel

    1,31,3001,0971,2941,3561,257  Japan

    9900759997831736  Jordan

    4400412436388376  Kuwait

    99001,001681573183  Libya

    115018610847144  Mexico

    2200276471147536  Morocco

    11001228710397  Peru

    8,07,5008,2008,50010,2008,600  Saudi Arabia

    4400483456764218  Tunisia

    4400400468541524  United Arab Emirates

    117518912625277  Uruguay

    99351,4171,5711,3681,579  Others

    24,723,76028,52623,05121,20820,406  Subtotal

    1,11,1751,105255491520  Unaccounted

    4450430522431470  United States

    26,325,38530,06123,82822,13021,396  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Barley Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    1,31,3001,3001,5001,5001,350  Algeria

    3,63,4002,9004,7505,0004,500  Argentina

    8,78,7008,0149,1747,4728,221  Australia

    2,02,0002,2501,6741,9171,979  Belarus8,28,2257,11910,2378,0127,892  Canada

    1,71,7001,8101,7001,6261,637  China

    1,91,9002,1002,0531,7821,592  Ethiopia

    60,960,96260,46059,67454,87551,883  European Union

    1,61,6001,8311,7521,6191,663  India

    3,33,3003,2002,8002,7702,900  Iran

    2,62,6002,4122,5391,5002,593  Kazakhstan

    3,53,5001,7002,7001,2002,340  Morocco

    17,117,10020,02615,38913,95216,938  Russia

    7,47,4004,0007,3005,5007,000  Turkey

    8,78,7009,4507,5616,9359,098  Ukraine

    8,78,7748,6608,8448,3548,394  Others

    141,4141,161137,232139,647124,014129,980  Subtotal

    4,64,6663,9534,7194,7683,370  United States

    146,1145,827141,185144,366128,782133,350  World Total

    no

    Total Consumption

    2,02,0502,0502,0502,0001,800  Algeria

    1,51,5001,5001,7001,3001,200  Argentina

    2,62,6002,6002,8003,0003,300  Australia

    2,22,2002,1001,8002,0002,100  Belarus

    6,66,5006,4727,7206,8096,916  Canada

    8,88,80011,6006,3004,0003,800  China

    2,02,0252,1002,0001,7251,600  Ethiopia

    53,153,10051,00053,40051,00051,200  European Union

    4,84,8004,6004,5004,3004,100  Iran

    2,12,1002,0002,0001,3751,825  Kazakhstan

    3,03,0002,7002,3001,9003,100  Morocco

    13,913,90014,10012,70012,10014,300  Russia

    8,58,2258,1258,6258,3257,225  Saudi Arabia

    6,96,9005,3506,9506,2006,750  Turkey

    4,54,5004,5005,0005,1006,300  Ukraine

    16,816,86616,57816,42115,74315,559  Others

    141,7141,797136,424136,002126,398130,811  Subtotal

    4,44,4204,2344,7754,6384,170  United States

    146,1146,217140,658140,777131,036134,981  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    1,21,2041,3041,1781,2171,458  Algeria

    1,51,4921,2171,9509831,195  Canada

    5,15,1615,6495,6485,0716,069  European Union

    1,21,2181,4186181,4181,348  Iran

    1,11,1611,561932726848  Russia

    3,43,2763,4863,3963,0062,814  Saudi Arabia

    1,21,1721,4679728731,172  Ukraine

    7,47,4636,7367,5375,3896,477  Others

    22,422,14722,83822,23118,68321,381  Subtotal

    2,02,0661,7111,7911,7501,306  United States

    24,524,21324,54924,02220,43322,687  World Total

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    Regional Barley Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    620  North America 499 639 781 625 6

    851  South America 1,064 887 1,169 1,085 1,0

    364  European Union - 28 52 58 268 100 1

    209  Other Europe 127 163 119 160 1

    697  Former Soviet Union - 12 375 362 276 320 312,543  Middle East 13,906 12,537 12,496 11,260 11,7

    1,482  North Africa 1,885 2,433 2,581 2,150 2,1

    100  Sub-Saharan Africa 52 116 138 65

    3,924  East Asia 3,663 6,320 11,081 8,425 8,9

    67  South Asia 7 12 15 10

    19  Oceania 9 46 32 10

    20,876  Total 21,639 23,573 28,956 24,210 25,2

    Production no

    11,749  North America 13,812 15,506 11,622 13,476 13,4

    5,507  South America 5,884 5,737 3,809 4,393 4,5

    51,883  European Union - 28 54,875 59,674 60,460 60,962 60,9

    1,189  Other Europe 1,188 1,151 1,270 1,287 1,2

    32,227  Former Soviet Union - 12 25,958 29,153 35,784 32,250 32,3

    11,705  Middle East 9,689 12,047 8,658 12,358 12,3

    4,410  North Africa 3,306 4,725 4,109 5,409 5,42,099  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,283 2,521 2,602 2,447 2,4

    1,962  East Asia 1,920 2,000 2,111 1,990 1,9

    2,081  South Asia 1,956 2,261 2,340 2,103 2,1

    8,538  Oceania 7,911 9,591 8,420 9,152 9,1

    133,350  Total 128,782 144,366 141,185 145,827 146,1

    Domestic Consumption no

    11,786  North America 12,347 13,195 11,406 11,645 11,7

    3,052  South America 3,152 3,528 3,428 3,560 3,5

    51,200  European Union - 28 51,000 53,400 51,000 53,100 53,1

    1,366  Other Europe 1,298 1,298 1,389 1,422 1,4

    26,268  Former Soviet Union - 12 22,339 23,451 24,605 24,755 24,7

    22,016  Middle East 22,435 24,410 21,883 23,721 24,0

    6,186  North Africa 5,560 6,230 7,159 7,208 7,2

    2,133  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,285 2,555 2,640 2,615 2,6

    5,580  East Asia 5,806 8,009 13,135 10,500 10,42,008  South Asia 1,868 1,715 1,914 1,910 1,9

    3,650  Oceania 3,425 3,250 3,050 3,050 3,0

    135,245  Total 131,515 141,041 141,609 143,486 143,9

    Ending Stocks no

    2,621  North America 3,014 3,980 3,186 3,826 3,8

    543  South America 656 815 716 683 6

    6,069  European Union - 28 5,071 5,648 5,649 5,161 5,1

    205  Other Europe 223 208 201 201 2

    2,760  Former Soviet Union - 12 2,193 2,638 3,805 2,870 2,8

    5,940  Middle East 5,736 5,788 5,928 6,050 6,2

    2,449  North Africa 1,740 2,482 2,239 2,690 2,6

    283  Sub-Saharan Africa 330 408 508 405 4

    961  East Asia 737 1,048 1,105 1,000 1,0

    280  South Asia 142 255 266 269 2

    576  Oceania 591 752 946 1,058 1,0

    22,687  Total 20,433 24,022 24,549 24,213 24,5

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

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    World Sorghum Trade

    October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    1,11,2009549533,0592,163  Argentina

    1,01,0001,6994051,4251,185  Australia

    10131120  Brazil

    110011889231132  India3040513216  Kenya

    50100505075  Nigeria

    1100156229124113  Ukraine

    1145194240233216  Others

    2,52,6353,2742,0285,1563,900  Subtotal

    7,67,6009,2495,7172,1361,549  United States

    10,110,23512,5237,7457,2925,449  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    110097109404544  Chile

    7,07,00010,1624,16163184  China

    500104591592  Colombia

    15075505030  Ethiopia

    80131186291126  European Union

    91,0009031,0031,8971,481  Japan

    1100799410274  Kenya

    5500291621,7931,369  Mexico

    5075125613  South Sudan

    7510075175125  Sudan

    3350342684674650  Others

    9,49,35511,9936,7536,6145,088  Subtotal

    5770503989435358  Unaccounted

    11102732433  United States

    10,110,23512,5237,7457,2925,449  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Sorghum Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    3,93,9003,5004,4004,7004,200  Argentina

    2,22,2002,1041,2822,2302,239  Australia

    2,02,0002,0001,8902,1022,222  Brazil

    1,91,9001,8361,8801,9241,500  Burkina1,11,1501,1501,1501,1001,150  Cameroon

    99009007451,172648  Chad

    2,92,9002,8852,8922,5562,051  China

    3,83,8004,0004,1143,6043,951  Ethiopia

    5,55,5005,0505,5425,2815,979  India

    1,31,3001,3008201,2121,191  Mali

    6,67,1506,2708,5006,1746,425  Mexico

    1,11,1001,0001,2871,376807  Niger

    6,16,1506,7006,5925,9436,900  Nigeria

    5,55,5006,2812,2494,5244,605  Sudan

    8840840832839807  Tanzania

    6,76,7276,6847,1136,6547,124  Others

    52,453,01752,50051,28851,39151,799  Subtotal

    15,115,15810,9889,9666,2935,410  United States

    67,668,17563,48861,25457,68457,209  World Total

    no

    Total Consumption

    3,02,9002,8002,7002,3001,900  Argentina

    1,21,2055059051,1051,105  Australia

    1,91,9002,0002,0002,3002,175  Brazil

    1,91,9001,8001,9001,9001,500  Burkina

    1,11,1751,1751,1651,1101,175  Cameroon

    99009008501,150650  Chad

    10,010,00012,9006,8003,2002,200  China

    4,03,9004,1004,2003,7003,700  Ethiopia

    5,35,3505,1005,2005,1506,000  India

    91,0009301,0301,9001,475  Japan

    1,31,3001,2009501,2001,300  Mali

    7,27,6006,6008,3008,1008,100  Mexico

    1,11,1001,1001,3001,200950  Niger

    6,06,0506,6506,5505,9006,800  Nigeria

    5,85,8006,0002,5504,7004,500  Sudan

    8,08,1068,1598,5029,0769,539  Others

    61,061,50461,90955,97252,79354,553  Subtotal

    5,85,8432,4294,1274,7963,916  United States

    66,967,34764,33860,09957,58958,469  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    87029021,202781164  Argentina

    2228138151272472  Brazil

    5581706568326366  China

    2243193364109206  India

    2388338647285418  Mexico

    2200150200208215  Nigeria

    4493723357588609  Sudan

    1,31,3621,4481,5631,8071,633  Others

    4,14,1974,5985,0524,3764,083  Subtotal

    1,61,655468864385583  United States

    5,75,8525,0665,9164,7614,666  World Total

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    Regional Sorghum Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    1,372  North America 2,036 165 56 610 6

    1,199  South America 1,071 239 116 185 2

    126  European Union - 28 291 186 131 80

    0  Other Europe 0 0 0 0

    101  Middle East 194 231 36 5054  North Africa 0 41 5 5

    557  Sub-Saharan Africa 586 557 501 450 5

    1,655  East Asia 2,650 5,281 11,135 8,055 8,0

    13  Southeast Asia 18 41 11 15

    14  Others 11 15 29 15

    5,091  Total 6,857 6,756 12,020 9,465 9,5

    Production no

    11,835  North America 12,467 18,466 17,258 22,308 21,7

    312  Central America 339 335 335 335 3

    92  Caribbean 92 94 94 94

    7,247  South America 7,495 7,081 6,349 6,822 6,8

    671  European Union - 28 473 703 880 797 7

    764  Middle East 814 789 692 635 6

    847  North Africa 763 755 756 756 7

    24,802  Sub-Saharan Africa 24,783 22,782 26,701 25,524 25,52,054  East Asia 2,560 2,895 2,887 2,904 2,9

    6,116  South Asia 5,404 5,661 5,153 5,645 5,6

    54  Southeast Asia 55 57 55 55

    2,239  Oceania 2,230 1,282 2,104 2,200 2,2

    176  Others 209 354 224 100 1

    57,209  Total 57,684 61,254 63,488 68,175 67,6

    Domestic Consumption no

    12,016  North America 12,896 12,427 9,029 13,443 13,0

    320  Central America 325 325 330 340 3

    92  Caribbean 92 94 94 94

    6,104  South America 6,076 5,789 5,760 5,897 5,9

    760  European Union - 28 795 880 995 870 8

    789  Middle East 1,052 894 865 685 6

    908  North Africa 756 794 756 756 7

    24,850  Sub-Saharan Africa 25,038 23,500 26,709 26,049 26,13,771  East Asia 5,221 7,951 13,906 11,060 10,9

    6,147  South Asia 5,283 5,334 5,232 5,510 5,5

    68  Southeast Asia 68 61 92 65

    1,105  Oceania 1,105 905 505 1,205 1,2

    55  Others 80 75 75 55

    56,985  Total 58,787 59,029 64,348 66,029 65,7

    Ending Stocks no

    1,001  North America 670 1,511 806 2,043 1,8

    23  Central America 30 33 33 23

    718  South America 1,146 1,427 1,121 981 1,0

    14  European Union - 28 5 19 21 13

    56  Middle East 65 47 35 35

    60  North Africa 66 68 73 78

    1,890  Sub-Saharan Africa 2,037 1,557 1,844 1,619 1,6

    451  East Asia 413 627 735 672 6

    206  South Asia 109 364 193 243 2

    230  Oceania 195 187 136 131 1

    17  Others 25 76 69 14

    4,666  Total 4,761 5,916 5,066 5,852 5,7

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

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    World Oats Trade

    October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    522213  Argentina

    3350250270240174  Australia

    1,61,6001,7261,7321,3511,763  Canada

    75844941106  Chile2150231291126176  European Union

    10156418  Russia

    1046622  Ukraine

    10814107  Others

    2,32,2102,3622,3701,7762,259  Subtotal

    3023291828  United States

    2,32,2402,3852,3991,7942,287  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    05000  Albania

    10241279  Algeria

    54323  Bosnia and Herzegovina

    101226911  Canada

    22501621168768  China

    52211  Colombia

    2021211922  Ecuador

    54343  European Union

    5047465154  Japan

    11008693111134  Mexico

    402383649  Norway

    53222  Serbia

    2550191111  South Africa

    5049514456  Switzerland

    55004  Turkey

    588615  Others

    6585484440390442  Subtotal

    1551429349115  Unaccounted

    1,61,6001,7591,8661,3551,730  United States

    2,32,2402,3852,3991,7942,287  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Oats Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    111011011011067  Algeria

    4485525445496345  Argentina

    1,31,3001,0871,2551,1211,262  Australia

    4400470352422448  Belarus3300300380361354  Brazil

    3,43,4302,9793,9062,8303,158  Canada

    4470421610680451  Chile

    6600600580600600  China

    7,67,6407,8458,3807,9097,927  European Union

    2250226305200258  Kazakhstan

    9090908451  Mexico

    2236236214232231  Norway

    4,54,5505,2674,9324,0275,332  Russia

    2210210210210218  Turkey

    4375610467630506  Ukraine

    3349315328315372  Others

    20,920,79521,29122,56420,22721,580  Subtotal

    1,31,3001,019938892728  United States

    22,222,09522,31023,50221,11922,308  World Total

    no

    Total Consumption

    112012611811975  Algeria

    5500525425500350  Argentina

    99008759509251,100  Australia

    4400450375400450  Belarus

    2290295375350350  Brazil

    1,61,6501,6761,6601,5921,361  Canada

    3375355570600400  Chile

    8875750700675625  China

    7,67,6757,6758,0757,7007,800  European Union

    2250225275225225  Kazakhstan

    1190175185195185  Mexico

    2270245245295270  Norway

    4,64,6005,2004,9004,3005,000  Russia

    2215215215215215  Turkey

    4375600475600500  Ukraine

    5514505502451519  Others

    19,319,21619,89320,26419,21719,589  Subtotal

    2,82,8282,4242,7572,7432,499  United States

    22,222,04422,31723,02121,96022,088  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    4262674955  Argentina

    11176710560134  Australia

    88716811,054446805  Canada

    4626456125  Chile

    1122147135139127  China

    6669849894901795  European Union

    2229289230203485  Russia

    1175180199221225  Others

    2,22,2712,3012,7292,0802,651  Subtotal

    8860780359527797  United States

    3,03,1313,0813,0882,6073,448  World Total

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    Regional Oats Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    1,875  North America 1,475 1,985 1,857 1,710 1,7

    31  South America 26 29 30 30

    3  European Union - 28 4 3 4 5

    110  Other Europe 84 94 63 100 1

    7  Former Soviet Union - 12 0 2 1 04  Middle East 0 0 5 5

    9  North Africa 7 12 24 10

    11  Sub-Saharan Africa 11 19 50 25

    122  East Asia 138 162 209 300 3

    0  Oceania 0 0 0 0

    2,172  Total 1,745 2,306 2,243 2,185 2,2

    Production no

    3,937  North America 3,806 4,934 4,088 4,820 4,8

    1,191  South America 1,577 1,478 1,274 1,316 1,3

    7,927  European Union - 28 7,909 8,380 7,845 7,640 7,6

    373  Other Europe 365 348 369 372 3

    6,549  Former Soviet Union - 12 5,285 6,062 6,579 5,581 5,6

    218  Middle East 210 210 210 210 2

    163  North Africa 166 166 166 166 1

    57  Sub-Saharan Africa 60 59 55 55602  East Asia 602 582 602 601 6

    1,291  Oceania 1,139 1,283 1,122 1,334 1,3

    22,308  Total 21,119 23,502 22,310 22,095 22,2

    Domestic Consumption no

    4,045  North America 4,530 4,602 4,275 4,668 4,6

    1,167  South America 1,515 1,447 1,236 1,256 1,2

    7,800  European Union - 28 7,700 8,075 7,675 7,675 7,6

    478  Other Europe 474 434 437 467 4

    6,180  Former Soviet Union - 12 5,531 6,032 6,481 5,631 5,6

    215  Middle East 215 215 215 215 2

    172  North Africa 175 174 182 176 1

    53  Sub-Saharan Africa 72 95 105 80

    685  East Asia 730 750 800 925 9

    1,129  Oceania 943 978 910 934 9

    21,924  Total 21,885 22,802 22,316 22,027 22,1

    Ending Stocks no

    1,605  North America 974 1,416 1,463 1,733 1,7

    93  South America 128 129 101 105 1

    795  European Union - 28 901 894 849 669 6

    48  Other Europe 27 41 38 43

    592  Former Soviet Union - 12 332 346 395 320 3

    17  Middle East 12 7 7 7

    1  North Africa 1 1 1 1

    29  Sub-Saharan Africa 28 11 11 11

    134  East Asia 144 138 149 125 1

    134  Oceania 60 105 67 117 1

    3,448  Total 2,607 3,088 3,081 3,131 3,0

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

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    World Rye Trade

    October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    TY Exports

    5552525  Belarus

    11008997178159  Canada

    115016720112259  European Union

    11001218378284  Russia201359169  Ukraine

    00004  Others

    3375395445419540  Subtotal

    53678  United States

    3380398451426548  World Total

    no

    TY Imports

    50969668302  European Union

    2525333411  Israel

    2522372746  Japan

    10481211  Korea, South

    155162111  Norway

    555250  Russia

    56692  Switzerland

    05129  Others

    1135168202198392  Subtotal

    45-32457-18  Unaccounted

    2200262204221174  United States

    3380398451426548  World Total

    TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.

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    World Rye Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16

    Jan

    2015/1

    Fe

     no

    Production

    5697524045  Argentina

    88009506481,082801  Belarus

    2225218223337241  Canada

    7,97,6608,85810,1518,7636,900  European Union2,12,1003,2793,3602,1322,967  Russia

    3350350350370366  Turkey

    3375475638676579  Ukraine

    1134144126146137  Others

    12,011,70014,37115,54813,54612,036  Subtotal

    2292183194166154  United States

    12,211,99214,55415,74213,71212,190  World Total

    no

    Total Consumption

    5697524045  Argentina

    88009506501,000750  Belarus

    1123134107127101  Canada

    7,87,8008,9009,6508,7007,400  European Union

    2525333411  Israel

    5065405030  Kazakhstan

    2720282627  Norway

    2,12,1503,2503,1002,0002,850  Russia

    3350350350375375  Turkey

    4400475625625625  Ukraine

    1112106127139161  Others

    11,811,90314,37514,76713,14612,346  Subtotal

    4467406424387311  United States

    12,312,37014,78115,19113,53312,657  World Total

    no

    Ending Stocks

    1150155160167110  Belarus

    4442444625  Canada

    1,18401,0801,204795747  European Union

    22633  Kazakhstan

    1140265345153129  Russia

    2323181824  Turkey

    61106128166132  Ukraine

    11475  Others

    1,51,2611,6741,9091,3551,175  Subtotal

    501571011  United States

    1,61,3111,6891,9161,3651,186  World Total

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    Regional Rye Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks

    Thousand Metric Tons

    2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15

    Jan

    2015/16

    Fe

    2015/1

     TY Imports no

    174  North America 221 204 262 200 2

    0  South America 0 0 0 0

    302  European Union - 28 68 96 96 50

    14  Other Europe 32 23 11 20

    5  Former Soviet Union - 12 25 5 5 514  Middle East 34 33 30 25

    0  Sub-Saharan Africa 0 0 0 0

    57  East Asia 39 45 26 35

    0  Oceania 0 0 0 0

    566  Total 419 406 430 335 3

    Production no

    395  North America 503 417 401 517 5

    49  South America 47 59 105 64

    6,900  European Union - 28 8,763 10,151 8,858 7,660 7,9

    62  Other Europe 46 53 52 51

    4,375  Former Soviet Union - 12 3,940 4,689 4,765 3,325 3,3

    366  Middle East 370 350 350 350 3

    3  Sub-Saharan Africa 3 3 3 3

    0  East Asia 0 0 0 0

    40  Oceania 40 20 20 22

    12,190  Total 13,712 15,742 14,554 11,992 12,2

    Domestic Consumption no

    412  North America 514 531 540 590 6

    49  South America 47 59 105 64

    7,400  European Union - 28 8,700 9,650 8,900 7,800 7,8

    76  Other Europe 78 77 66 71

    4,255  Former Soviet Union - 12 3,675 4,415 4,740 3,400 3,3

    386  Middle East 409 383 375 375 3

    2  Sub-Saharan Africa 3 3 3 3

    66  East Asia 37 48 29 35

    40  Oceania 40 20 20 22

    12,686  Total 13,503 15,186 14,778 12,360 12,3

    Ending Stocks no

    36  North America 56 51 57 94

    0  South America 0 0 0 0

    747  European Union - 28 795 1,204 1,080 840 1,1

    0  Other Europe 0 0 0 0

    374  Former Soviet Union - 12 489 639 528 353 3

    24  Middle East 18 18 23 23

    0  Sub-Saharan Africa 0 0 0 0

    5  East Asia 7 4 1 1

    0  Oceania 0 0 0 0

    1,186  Total 1,365 1,916 1,689 1,311 1,6

    NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are

    reported using local marketing years.

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    HISTORICAL DATA SERIES FOR

    SELECTED REGIONS AND

    COUNTRIES

    CONTENTS 

    European Union: Grain Supply and Demand ............................................... 37

    China: Grain Supply and Demand ................................................................ 38

    Other Europe: Grain Supply and Demand .................................................... 39Former Soviet Union: Grain Supply and Demand ........................................ 40

    Wheat Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters ................................ 44

    Corn Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters ................................... 46

    Barley Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters ................................ 48

    Sorghum Supply and Disappearance: Selected Exporters ............................ 49

    U.S. Grains: Supply and Distribution……………………………. .... ……..50

    Total Wheat and Coarse Grains: Supply and Demand ................................. 51

    World Wheat and Coarse Grains: Supply and Demand ............................... 52

    World Corn and Barley: Supply and Demand .............................................. 53

    World Rice: Supply and Demand ................................................................. 54

    D G   F  /  S A   &

      F

     

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    European Union: Grain Supply and Demand

    Wheat and Coarse Grains Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares

    Area

    Harvested

    Yield Productio

    n

    Imports Exports Feed

    Dom.

    Domestic

    Consumpti

    Ending

    Stocks

    Wheat

    147.7 123.959.314.77.15.626.2  2004/05 28.3

    132.9 128.263.015.76.85.126.0  2005/06 24.1

    125.7 126.260.213.95.25.124.7  2006/07 14.8

    120.8 117.252.412.46.84.924.9  2007/08 12.8

    151.9 127.660.525.47.75.726.8  2008/09 19.4

    139.7 125.657.522.35.45.426.0  2009/10 16.6

    136.7 122.852.523.14.65.326.0  2010/11 11.9

    138.2 127.257.516.77.45.325.8  2011/12 13.5

    133.9 119.351.022.85.35.226.0  2012/13 10.7

    144.6 117.349.032.04.05.625.9  2013/14 9.9

    156.5 123.554.535.46.05.826.8  2014/15 13.5

    158.0 125.857.032.56.05.926.7  2015/16 19.2

    Coarse Grains

    169.1 155.2118.94.83.05.033.9  2004/05 25.6

    149.5 150.7112.44.32.74.533.2  2005/06 22.8

    140.0 150.6112.94.58.14.332.4  2006/07 15.7

    138.7 157.1121.64.520.34.332.6  2007/08 13.1

    164.9 154.2116.15.73.14.834.0  2008/09 21.3

    157.6 152.4114.83.02.94.832.9  2009/10 26.3

    142.9 154.6116.96.28.54.730.2  2010/11 16.9

    149.9 151.5113.26.57.05.030.2  2011/12 15.7

    145.9 153.1113.77.411.84.731.4  2012/13 13.1

    158.9 164.1122.48.616.35.131.4  2013/14 15.5

    170.6 163.3121.514.09.15.530.8  2014/15 18.0

    151.0 161.4119.610.016.44.930.5  2015/16 13.9

    Wheat and Coarse Grains316.8 279.1178.219.510.05.360.1  2004/05 54.0

    282.3 278.9175.420.09.44.859.1  2005/06 46.9

    265.7 276.8173.118.513.24.757.0  2006/07 30.5

    259.5 274.2174.116.927.14.557.5  2007/08 25.9

    316.9 281.8176.631.110.85.260.9  2008/09 40.7

    297.3 278.0172.325.38.25.058.9  2009/10 42.9

    279.5 277.5169.429.313.15.056.2  2010/11 28.8

    288.1 278.7170.723.314.35.156.0  2011/12 29.3

    279.9 272.3164.730.117.14.957.3  2012/13 23.8

    303.5 281.4171.440.720.25.357.3  2013/14 25.5

    327.2 286.8176.049.415.15.757.5  2014/15 31.5

    309.0 287.2176.642.522.45.457.3  2015/16 33.2

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    China: Grain Supply and Demand

    Wheat and Coarse Grains Millions of Metric Tons/Hectares

    Area

    Harvested

    Yield Productio

    n

    Imports Exports Feed

    Dom.

    Domestic

    Consumpti

    Ending

    Stocks

    Wheat

    92.0 102.04.01.26.74.321.6  2004/05 38.8

    97.4 101.53.51.41.14.322.8  2005/06 34.5

    108.5 102.04.02.80.44.623.6  2006/07 38.6

    109.3 106.08.02.80.04.623.7  2007/08 39.1

    112.5 105.58.00.70.54.823.6  2008/09 45.8

    115.1 107.010.00.91.44.724.3  2009/10 54.4

    115.2 110.513.00.90.94.724.3  2010/11 59.1

    117.4 122.524.01.02.94.824.3  2011/12 55.9

    121.0 125.025.01.03.05.024.3  2012/13 54.0

    121.9 116.516.00.96.85.124.1  2013/14 65.3

    126.2 116.516.00.81.95.224.1  2014/15 76.1

    130.2 114.012.01.02.35.424.1  2015/16 93.6

    Coarse Grains

    138.3 141.1100.37.62.14.928.0  2004/05 37.6

    147.8 147.1103.53.82.35.128.8  2005/06 36.9

    159.0 153.5105.05.51.25.131.1  2006/07 38.0

    159.2 157.9106.70.91.25.031.9  2007/08 39.5

    172.4 161.2109.10.21.75.432.2  2008/09 52.2

    169.8 173.3119.10.23.85.133.4  2009/10 52.3

    183.8 188.4128.80.22.75.334.6  2010/11 50.1

    198.6 196.2132.00.17.95.635.5  2011/12 60.4

    212.2 209.7146.10.15.65.737.1  2012/13 68.4

    225.4 223.5157.80.012.45.938.3  2013/14 82.7

    222.8 229.1158.80.025.75.739.2  2014/15 102.0

    231.6 237.5165.10.116.85.840.2  2015/16 112.8

    Wheat and Coarse Grains230.2 243.1104.38.88.84.649.6  2004/05 76.4

    245.3 248.6107.05.23.44.851.6  2005/06 71.4

    267.4 255.5109.08.21.54.954.7  2006/07 76.6

    268.5 263.9114.73.71.24.855.6  2007/08 78.6

    284.9 266.7117.10.92.15.155.8  2008/09 98.0

    284.9 280.3129.11.15.24.957.6  2009/10 106.7

    299.0 298.9141.81.13.65.158.9  2010/11 109.2

    316.0 318.7156.01.110.95.359.8  2011/12 116.3

    333.2 334.7171.11.18.65.461.3  2012/13 122.3

    347.3 340.0173.80.919.25.662.4  2013/14 147.9

    349.0 345.6174.80.827.65.563.3  2014/15 178.1

    361.8 351.5177.11.119.15.664.3  2015/16 206.4

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