Lesson 03 - I lost my documents - .Lesson 03 - I lost my documents 47 e-Tec rasil Os verbos terminados

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  • 43Lesson 03 - I lost my documents e-Tec Brasil

    Lesson 03 - I lost my documents

    Objetivos

    Conheceralgumassequence wordsexpressandoordemousequnciaemquefatosoueventosacontecem.

    RevisaraestruturadoPast Simplereconhecendoaordememquefatosoueventosacontecemnopassado.

    ConheceroPast Continuousobservandosuaestruturaeousoparanarrarumfatooueventoocorrido.

    UtilizaroPast Continuouse/ouoPast Simpleconjugandoverbosadequadamentenestestemposverbais.

    Reconhecerosomdo-ingpronunciandoaspalavrasadequadamente.

    Herewego!1. In the taxiTherearesomesituationswhenweneedtotalkaboutfactsthathappenedatadefinitetimeinthepast,whileotherswereinprogress.ThisiswhathappenstoCarltoninthisepisode,whenheinterruptshisbreakfasttocheckhowmuchmoneyhehasinhiswallet.Inthisclassyouaregoingtostudythesequence words,whichhelpyouputeventsinorder.Afterthat,youaregoingtoreviewthestructureofthePast SimpleandstudythePast Continuous.Then,youaregoingtostudybothtensesusedinasentence,contrastingtheeventthathappenedatadefinitetimeandtheonethatwasinprogress.IntheOutloudtopicyouaregoingtostudythepronunciationofthe-ingendingintheverbs.

  • Englishe-Tec Brasil 44

    Warmingup2. Talking to the driverTodayisCarltonsfathersfuneral.HetakesataxicabtotheFuneralHome,butwhenheopenshisbackpacktothegethiswallet,itisnotthere.ReadandlistentotheconversationbetweenCarltonandthetaxidriver:

    Taxi driver:Itsthirty-fivedollars.

    Carlton:Icantfindmywallet!

    Taxi driver:Oh,really?Notagain...

    Carlton:Imsureitsheresomewhere...waitasecond...Iwashavingbreakfast

    whenIgotitouttoseehowmuchmoneyIhad.

    Taxi driver:Maybeitfelloffyourpocketwhenyougotinthetaxi?

    Carlton:No,itwasinmybackpack.

    Taxi driver:OncemywifeandIweretravelingbytrainandthesamething

    happened.Thenextdaythehotelcalledsayingtheyhadfoundmydocuments.

    MaybeyouleftyourwalletattheB&B?

    Carlton:No,I'msureIhadit.Ican'tbelievethisishappening.

    In this conversation, Carlton realizes that he lost his wallet. He brieflyrecaps what happened during breakfast, trying to identify the momentwhenheprobablylosthiswallet.

    Whenweneed toorderevents,wecanusesequence words. In thenexttopicyouaregoingtostudythemostfrequentsequence words.

    Integrated mediaAcesseamdiaI lost my wallet

    eacompanheaconversaentreCarltoneotaxista.

    Getting onAcesseocontedo Tips eveja

    algumasdicassobreoquefazeremsituaesqueperdemos

    documentosimportantes.

  • Lesson 03 - I lost my documents 45 e-Tec Brasil

    3. Getting the hang of itWhatsthebuzz?

    3.1 Sequence wordsAssequence words nospermitemorganizarumasequnciadeeventos.ElasforamintroduzidasnaLesson09eampliadasnaLesson14doprimeiromdulodestecurso.VejacomoalgumasdessaspalavrassoutilizadasparanarraroqueaconteceucomCarlton:

    First of all,CarltonwaslivinginChicagowhenhereceivedaphonecallfromSarah.

    Secondly,heboughtaticketandflewtoCanada.ThenhemetBrunoontheplane.

    Later,whenhewasgoingtohisfathersfuneral,herealizedhelosthiswallet.

    Finally,Sarahhelpedhimpayforthetaxifare.

    A partir deste exemplo vocpodeperceber que assequence words soutilizadasparadarmaissentidoaotexto,sopalavrasquenospermitemcolocar um evento em ordem cronolgica. Elas podem indicar tempo,ordemousequnciadeumacontecimento.Vejaalgumasdestaspalavrasnatabelaaseguir:

    First Then Before

    First of all While During

    To begin with When After

    Secondly Suddenly By the end

    Next In the middle of the night

    Finally Soon after

    Comestassequence wordspossvelquevocjconsigaindicaraordemde alguns eventos. Pratique este contedo com a atividade Inserting Sequence Words.

    A seguir, acompanhe a retomada da estrutura do Past Simple, que lhepermitirnarrarfatosoueventosocorridosnopassado.

    Audio

    Getting onAsTime Expressionsforamabordadasnasaulas09e14doMdulo1.Acesse-asem:Time expressions(presente)Time expressions(passado)

    Learning activityInserting Sequence Words

  • Englishe-Tec Brasil 46

    3.2 Past Simple - reviewNa lesson14doMdulo01,foiabordadoopassadodosverbosTo beeThere to be. Com estes contedos possvel que voc consiga utilizarestasestruturasparanarrareventosocorridosnopassado.

    OPast Simpledescreveaesque tiveram incioefimnopassado,poistratamdeeventosfinitos.Osverbosnopassado,naformaafirmativa,soclassificadosemregulareseirregulares.Observeosexemplos:

    I played a lot with my brothers and sisters in my childhood. (regular verb )

    I had many health problems in the past. (irregular verb)

    Osverbosregularessoacrescidosdaterminao-ed:

    Base form Past simple

    believe believed

    call called

    happen happened

    travel traveled

    wait waited

    Percebaqueoverbobelievejterminacome,porissofoiapenasacrescidodaletradparaformaropassado.Vejaoutrosexemplos:

    Base form Past simple

    hate hated

    like liked

    move moved

    Audio

    Getting onRetomeocontedodesenvolvido

    noMdulo1,acessandooPast Simple - Verb To be

    ePast Simple - Verb There to be.

  • Lesson 03 - I lost my documents 47 e-Tec Brasil

    Osverbosterminadosemyprecedidosporvogalsotambmacrescidosdaterminao-ed:

    Base form Past simple

    play played

    stay stayed

    J os verbos terminados em y precedido por consoante tm o ysubstitudopori,paraentoseremacrescidosdaterminao-ed:

    Base form Past simple

    bury buried

    study studied

    VerboscomoTo be,To have,e To go,noaceitamainserodaterminao-ed por serem verbos irregulares. Assim, so conjugados de formadiferenciada.Observe:

    Base form Past simple

    To be was, were

    To have had

    To go went

    Assentenasnegativasseestruturamcomoauxiliardidacrescidodapartculanot(did not; didnt):

    I didnt play videogames when I was a child.

    They didnt have any questions about the test.

    Audio

    Getting onOsIrregular Verbs foramabordadosnaaula15doMdulo1.Acesse-osem:Past simple - Affirmative form: irregular verbs

  • Englishe-Tec Brasil 48

    Asyes-no questionseshortanswerssoformadascomousodoauxiliardid:

    Yes-no questions Affirmative short answersNegative

    short answers

    Did you go to the beach last weekend? Yes, I did. No, I didnt.

    Did they watch that new movie? Yes, they did. No, they didnt.

    Quandohouverumawh-question,opronomeinterrogativoqueiniciaapergunta:

    What did you eat yesterday at dinner time ?

    Where did he go this morning?

    Who did they meet at the party?

    Conformeapresentado,oPast Simplerelataaesrealizadasemumtempodeterminado no passado, aes que j terminaram. Nestemomento importante que voc verifique suaaprendizagem realizandoa atividadeSequence in the PastandTalking about losing documents.

    NotpicoaseguirvocestudaroPast Continuous,queindicaumeventoemandamentoemumdeterminadoperododetemponopassado.

    Audio

    Learning activitySequence in the Past

    Talking about losing documents

  • Lesson 03 - I lost my documents 49 e-Tec Brasil

    3.3 Past Continuous - structure and useNasituaoapresentadaanteriormente,Carltonnoconsegueencontrarsuacarteiraparapagarovalordopercursoqueotxirealizou.Aoexplicarsuasituaoparaotaxista,elerelataoqueestavafazendoquandoviusuacarteirapelaltimavez,eparaissoutilizouoPast Continuous.Observe:

    Carlton:Iwas having breakfastwhenIgotitouttoseehowmuchmoneyIhad.

    OPast Continuousutilizadoparafalardealgoqueestavaacontecendo,ouseja,umaaoemandamentonopassado.Nestafrase,pode-seobservaraestruturaquecompeoPast Continuous:

    I was having Breakfast.

    Subject

    Verb To be (past)

    Complement

    Main verb + ing

    Vejaoutrosexemplosaseguir:

    I was preparing lessons.

    You were traveling last week.

    He was listening to music.

    She was reading a book.

    It was raining last week.

    We were studying English.

    Audio

  • Englishe-Tec Brasil 50

    You were discussing important topics.

    They were watching TV .

    As frases negativas so formadas com o auxiliar do verbo To be nopassado(was ou were)acrescidodapartculanot.Overbo To benaformanegativapodeserescritoporextenso(was not ouwere not)oudeformacontrada(wasnt ou werent).

    I wasnt having Breakfast.

    Subject

    Verb To be (past)

    Complement

    Main verb + ing

    Observequenasfrasesaseguirforamutilizadasasformascontradas:

    I wasnt preparing lessons.

    You werent traveling last week.

    He wasnt listening to music.

    She wasnt reading a book.

    It wasnt raining last week.

    We werent studying English.

    You werent discussing important topics.

    They werent watching TV.

    Jaformainterrogativaformadafazendo-seainversodoVerbTobenopassadocomosujeitodafrase:

    Was I having Breakfast?

    Subject

    Verb To be (past)

    Complement

    Main verb + ing

    Acompanheoutrosexemplos:

    Was I preparing lessons ?

    Were you traveling last week?

    Audio

  • Lesson 03 - I lost my documents 51 e-Tec Brasil

    Was he listening to music?

    Was she reading a book?

    Was it raining last week?

    Were we studying English?

    Were you discussing important topics?

    Were they watching TV?

    Paraseresponderutilizandoasshort answersempregadoo Verb To be nopassadocomosujeitodapergunta.Confiraalgunsexemplos:

    Yes-no questions Affirmative Short answersNegative

    Short answers

    Were you traveling last week? Yes, I was. No, I wasnt .

    Was Carlton looking for his wallet? Yes, he was. No, he wasnt.

    Were they watching TV? Yes, they were. No, they werent.

    TambmpodemosfazerperguntasutilizandoasWh-questions.Paraisso,lembre-sequeprecisofazerainversoVerb To be-subjecteadicionaraswh - questionsnoinciodafrase.Veja:

    Jack What were you doing yesterday morning ?

    Jill I was having a picnic at the beach.